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Tuesday, January 24, 2006

ANTONYMS AND SYNONYMS.

 

A word which is opposite in meaning to the given word is called it’s Antonym.

Hence the word ‘abase’ means to dishonour hence it’s antonym would be ‘exalt’.

Words with nearly the same meaning but used differently, are called synonyms.

For e.g., the word ‘abash’ means to ‘confound’, so ‘confound is it’s synonym.

WORD: Abase

Synonyms: Debase, degrade, depress, detrude, disgrace, dishonor, drop, humiliate, lower, reduce, sink.

Antonym: Exalt, Adore, extol, glorify. Laud, magnify, praise.

WORD: Abate

Synonyms: Allay, appease, assuage, calm, decline, decrease, deduct, diminish, lessen, moderate, pacify, reduce, sink, soften, soothe, subside, wane.

Antonym: Increase, Amplify, enhance, enlarge, multiply, protract, spread.

WORD: Abbreviate

Abridge, compress, condense, curtail, epitomize, reduce, shorten shrink, summaries.

Antonym: Amplify, Elongate, enlarge, expand, extend, lengthen, prolong.

WORD: Aberrant

Abnormal, deviating, devious, disconnected, eccentric, idiotic, inconsistent, irregular, peculiar, singular, wandering.

Antonym: Regular, Natural, normal, rhythmic, stated, typical, usual.

WORD: Abet

Advocate, aid, assist, back, countenance, encourage, favor, good, help, incite, sanction, spur, succors, support, sustain, urge.

Antonym: Hinder, Check, deter, discourage, interrupt, obstruct, oppose.

WORD: Abscond

Bolt, decamp, disappear, elope, escape, flee, fly, hide, retreat, withdraw.

Antonym: Emerge, Appear, emanate, loom.

WORD: Absolve

Acquit, clear, exonerate, forgive, free, loose, pardon, ransom, release, remit.

Antonym: Condemn, Accuse, charge, convict, sentence.

WORD: Baffle

Astound, balk, bemuse, bewilder, check, confound, defeat, foil, frustrate, mar, perplex, thwart, upset.

Antonym: Help, Abet, aid, assist, back.

WORD: Bashful

Abashed, coy, diffident, modest, shy, timid, timorous.

Antonym: Bold, courageous, daring, gallant.

WORD: Benign

Benevolent, friendly, gentle, good, gracious, hymen, kind, kindly, obliging, sweet.

Antonym: Malevolent, Harsh, hard, rough, tough.

WORD: Berate

Chide, criticize, rebuke, reprimand, reprove,

Antonym: Praise, Exalt, extol, glorify.

WORD: Bewilder

Astonish, befog, be muddle, confound, confuse, daze, embarrass, muddle, mystify, perplex, puzzle, stagger.

Antonym: Enlighten, Acquaint, edify, educate, teach.

WORD: Bigotry

Fanaticism, obstinacy, prejudice, zealotry.

Antonym: Tolerance, Endurance, patience.

WORD: Cacophonous

Cacophonic, cacophonies, discordant, grating, harsh, jarring.

Antonym: Harmonious

Accordant, concordant, euphonic, melodious.

WORD: Cajole

Beguile, blandish, coax, deceive, delude, dupe, entrap, fawn, flatter, impose, inveigle, lure, mislead, persuade, tempt.

Antonym: Warn, Admonish, advise, caution.

WORD: Chagrin

Anger, annoyance, displeasure, disquiet, exasperation, irritation, mortification, vexation.

Antonym: Pleasure, Ecstasy, enjoyment, happiness, joy.

WORD: Circuitous

Devious, indirect, roundabout, tortuous, turning, winding.

Antonym: Direct, Linear, straight.

ETYMOLOGY

Etymology, as you know deals with the history of words. It is the study of the sources and development of words. If you know the root of words you would be able to know the meaning of related words. Here are some examples

Word : egoist

Meaning : me first Root : ego(I)

Word : egotist

Meaning : the height of conceit

Root : ego(I)

Word : egocentric

Meaning : consider oneself the center of universe

Root : ego(I)

Word : egomaniac

Meaning : your needs, desires and interests have become an obsession

Root : ego(I)

Word : altruism

Meaning : interest in the welfare of the others

Root : alter(other)

Word : altruist

Meaning : a person who looks after the welfare of the others

Root : alter(other)

Word : altruistic

Meaning : nature related to the above

Root : alter(other)

Word : alternate

Meaning : skip one and take the other

Root : alter(other)

Word : alternative

Meaning : no other choice

Root : alter(other)

Word : alteration

Meaning : make into another

Root : alter(other)

Word : alter ego

Meaning : other self

Root : alter(other)

Word : altercation

Meaning : a violent disagreement because of other ideas

Root : alter (other)

 

5 Comments:

At 10:59 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

what is the antonym for usual?

1.Cinder
2.Circle
3.Cereal
4.Cycle
5.Dancer
6.celebrate
7.twice
8.cardinal
9.concert
10.signal
11.regular
12.sugar
13.dangerous
14.strange
15.geography
16.damage
17.ledge
18.gentle

What is it?

and what's the antonym for harsh?it is still this spelling list.

 
At 6:14 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

obstinate

 
At 4:16 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

you people need to add this torturous.come on people everyone in my class knows that expect me!

 
At 8:50 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Dude,
You need to get a life, seriously!
Please don't try cheap tricks like republishing old posts to get on top in Kerala Blogroll.
You are smart, but not the smartest.

You will be out of KBR soon.
Good bye!

 
At 12:08 AM, Anonymous gloria glass said...

synonym of usual is regular..

bachelors degree adult education | associate degree Web Development | Engineering Diploma

 

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